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Tema: Kunst og kultur

Kunst og kultur
Gareth Jenkins: Shakespeare belongs to us
International Socialism Journal nr. 150, apr 16 – side 121
Note: We don’t know a great deal about William Shakespeare’s life. The records are scant and, in the absence of personal testimony, we know nothing of his intimate feelings or thoughts.
John Molyneux: A Visit to the Museum – notes on Culture and Barbarism
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 11, dec 14 – side 48
Note: For without exception the cultural treasures he surveys have an origin which he cannot contemplate without horror. They owe their existence not only to the efforts of the great minds and talents who have created them, but also to the anonymous toil of their contemporaries. There is no document of civilization which is not at the same time a document of barbarism. – Walter Benjamin, Theses on the Philosophy of History
Jesper Juul Mikkelsen: Kunst: mellem oprør og undertrykkelse
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 339, jun 14 – side 13
Note: Denne avis har som mål også at beskæftige sig med kunst og kultur.
John Molyneux: Art and the First World War
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 10, jun 14 – side 20
Note: Art reflects society. This statement, which is based on a core proposition of historical materialism, is fundamentally true – all art has its roots in developing human social relations – but it is also a condensation of a very complex interaction. This is because the social relations that art reflects are antagonistic relations of exploitation, oppression and resistance. So we should also remember Brecht's words that ‘Art is not a mirror to reflect reality, but a hammer with which to shape it’.
Mette Jørgensen: Asger Jorn: Den succesfulde idealist
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 338, maj 14 – side 14
Note: Det lyder umiddelbart som et stort paradoks. Ikke desto mindre er Asger Jorn en af Danmarks mest succesfulde idealister nogensinde.
Raymond Deane: Access and Elitism: On some pitfalls in the relationship between art and politics
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 6, jun 13 – side 36
Note: The early years of the 20th century saw an extraordinary ferment of radical artistic creativity in Russia, parallel to the political upheavals starting in 1905. Malevich, Blok, Mayakovsky, Zamyatin, Bely, Meyerhold, Vertov, Scriabin, Diaghilev, all pushed beyond traditional aesthetic boundaries and were influential beyond the borders of Russia or, eventually, the USSR. Not all subscribed unambiguously to revolutionary politics, but all contributed to the climate of revolutionary change.
Adam Marks: “Take that, Maynard G Krebs!”: The Beat Generation.
International Socialism Journal nr. 133, jan 12 – side 177
Note: The tag “Beat Generation” mostly refers to a generation of authors and poets, although it is a very flexible epithet. You could easily include various contemporary painters, musicians and so on.
Gareth Jenkins: Culture and multiculturalism
International Socialism Journal nr. 131, jul 11 – side 105
Note: Multiculturalism is once more under attack. David Cameron’s speech, delivered in Germany on 5 February 2011 at a European governmental conference on security, repeated many familiar criticisms of multiculturalism.
Book review: Beauty is in the Street: Riotous art emerged from Paris 1968
Socialist Worker nr. 2253, maj 11 – side 11
Note: A new book, Beauty is in the Street, celebrates the Paris uprising of May 1968 through posters.
Mikkel Birk Jespersen: Marxismen om kunst og litteratur: En dialektik mellem ideologi og utopi
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 302, okt 10 – side 6
Note: Hvad har marxisme med kunst og litteratur at gøre? Kan marxismen overhovedet sige noget interessant om sådanne kunstneriske udtryk?
Carl Scharnbergs Uofficielle synspunkter
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 291, sep 09 – side 14
Note: Aktivisten og digteren Carl Scharnberg udsendte Uofficielle Synspunkter 10-12 gange årligt fra 1968 til 1995.
Mange af dem var skrevet af Scharnberg selv, ofte i en meget kort tidløs form.
Terry Eagleton: Culture and socialism
International Socialism Journal nr. 122, apr 09 – side 91
Note: All human beings are prematurely born, helpless and dependent, unable to look after themselves. This applies not just to Oxbridge dons but to the whole of the human species. Later on, if all goes well, we will achieve a degree of autonomy—but only on the basis of a continuing dependency, this time on culture rather than nature.
Penny Howard: Book review: Putting “culture” into context
International Socialism Journal nr. 122, apr 09 – side 188
Note: Kate Crehan, Gramsci, Culture and Anthropology (Pluto, 2002), £18.99
Gramsci, Culture, and Anthropology is a welcome contribution to the revival of interest in the work of Antonio Gramsci. Kate Crehan’s clear and succinct book begins with a brief biographical summary, emphasising Gramsci’s engagement with revolutionary politics in Turin and his later imprisonment by Benito Mussolini.
Esther Leslie: Rodchenko and Popova: Defining Constructivism
Socialist Worker nr. 2139, feb 09 – side 11
Note: Esther Leslie looks at how revolution shaped the work of two leading Russian artists whose work is featured in a new exhibition
Martin Smith: Culture Column: All art for the masses
Socialist Review nr. 328, sep 08 – side 29
Note: I'm in trouble with some readers of this magazine. It all stems from my column about dance in the last issue. Several people have objected to me writing about dance and "bourgeois" institutions like Sadler's Wells and the Royal Opera House.
Anindya Bhattacharyya: Culture, commerce and class society
Socialist Worker nr. 2089, feb 08 – side 13
Note: Art can portray inspiring ideas that challenge society, but it cannot be removed from a political and economic context.
Ernesto Gonzalez: Culture: But is it art?
Socialist Review nr. 320, dec 07 – side 30
Note: Not a week passes without the Daily Mail or the Daily Express bitterly complaining that art has been taken over by anarchists and crackpots.
John Game: Cultural relativism
Socialist Worker nr. 1987, feb 06 
Note: The notion that Western culture is superior to all others underlies much of the recent debate about ‘integration’, writes John Game.
Mikkel Bay: Borgerlig kulturpolitik af værste skuffe
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 203, maj 02 – side 8
Note: Kunstnere og kulturfolk har allerede afholdt protest-demonstrationer og andre happenings i protest mod den kulturpolitik, som markerer den tydelige ideologi, der skal sættes igennem af den nye regering.
Jakob Nerup: Rudolf Broby-Johansen: “Kunst er propaganda”
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 188, dec 00 – side 8
Note: “Kulturministeriet er det borgerlige samfunds propaganda-central,” skrev socialisten og kultur-manden Rudolf Broby-Johansen i en artikel med titlen “Kunst og Klasse” i 1932. Han blev født for 100 år siden og fejres stadig af kultureliten som “en central outsider”.
Chris Harman: Comment on Molyneux on art
International Socialism Journal nr. 85, dec 99 – side 153
Note: Chris Harman joins in the debate on art between John Molyneux and Chris Nineham that has appeared in issues 79, 80, 82 and 84 of International Socialism.
John Molyneux: Art, alienation and capitalism: a reply to Chris Nineham
International Socialism Journal nr. 84, sep 99 – side 133
Note: John Molyneux replies to criticism of his assessment of modern art
Chris Nineham: Art and alienation: a reply to John Molyneux
International Socialism Journal nr. 82, mar 99 – side 75
Note: John Molyneux's defence of modern art in International Socialism 80 has proved controversial and here we publish a critical response by Chris Nineham.
John Molyneux: The legitimacy of modern art
International Socialism Journal nr. 80, sep 98 – side 71
Note: John Molyneux develops the themes of his review of the Royal Academy's 'Sensation' exhibition, published in our last issue, International Socialism 79, to provide a general theoretical defence of modern art.
John Molyneux: State of the art
International Socialism Journal nr. 79, jun 98 – side 89
Note: Modern art is ridiculed by the tabloids and yet the art world makes millions from it. John Molyneux gives a Marxist analysis of the controversies surrounding modern art in his review of the recent 'Sensation' exhibition at the Royal Academy.
Judy Cox: Robin Hood: earl, outlaw or rebel?
International Socialism Journal nr. 78, mar 98 – side 119
Note: The enduring popularity of the Robin Hood legend is uncovered by Judy Cox in her overview of the history of the myth, from its origins to the present day.
Jakob Nerup: Kulturby 96: Finkulturelt orgie for overklassen
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 149, dec 96 – side 2
Note: Kulturby 96 er endelig slut. Forhåbentlig mindskes det daglige bombardament af intetsigende begreber a la “byens rum”, “kulturel infrastruktur”, som den kulturelle elite har fyldt os med. Alt imens de roste sig selv, skaffede hinanden jobs og fyldte lommerne med vores penge.
Jakob Nerup: En ny kulturpolitik?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 115, maj 95 – side 13
Note: Peter Duelund: “Den danske kulturmodel – en idepolitisk redegørelse”, 472 s., kr. 295, Forlaget Klim.
Jens Klüver: Interview med Ditte Graabøl: “Det forpligter at have folks opmærksomhed”
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 113, mar 95 – side 11
Note: Skuespilleren Ditte Graabøl hører til det mindretal af kunstnere, der tager åben stilling til politik. Socialistisk Arbejderavis har talt med hende om politik, teater og om at tage stilling.
Jens Klüver: København: Kulturby for de rige
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 108, okt 94 – side 13
Note: I en tid, hvor kultur er blevet et politisk slagord, har to forskellige kulturinstitutioner i København drejet nøglen om. Det drejer sig om Fiolteatret ved Halmtorvet på Vesterbro og to musikscener i Huset i Københavns centrum.
John Rees: Revolution, reform and working class culture (Helmut Gruber: "Red Vienna, experiment in working class culture 1919-34")
International Socialism Journal nr. 54, mar 92 – side 161
Dave Beecham: 1789 – Culture and Revolution: Glory of Goya
Socialist Review nr. 119, apr 89 – side 22
Ian Birchall: 1789 – Culture and Revolution: 'One of us' (Balzac)
Socialist Review nr. 118, mar 89 – side 26
Gareth Jenkins: 1789 – Culture and Revolution: Triumph of reason (Beethoven)
Socialist Review nr. 116, jan 89 – side 28
Note: The French revolution of 1789 overturned al the old certainties of the feudal world. It was an inspiration to artists internationally for decades to come.
In the first of a new series Gareth Jenkins describes the impact of the revolution focussing in particular on Beethoven.
Sean Vernell: Cultural Warrior (Leon Trotsky: "Problems of Everyday Life and Other Writings on Culture")
Socialist Review nr. 112, sep 88 – side 28
Ian Birchall: Raymond Williams: centrist tragedy?
International Socialism Journal nr. 39, jun 88 – side 139
Note: Ian Birchall assesses the work of Marxist critic Raymond Williams, who died earlier this year.
Colin Sparks: Raymond Williams, Culture and Marxism
International Socialism Journal nr. 9, jun 80 – side 131
Note: Raymond Williams is Professor of Drama at the University of Cambridge. Surprisingly, for one holding such a position, he claims to stand within the tradition of Marxism. He is a frequent contributor to New Left Review and the editors of that journal have recently published a 400-page book of interviews with him. Part of the publishers’ blurb says that he is ‘the most productive and most influential socialist writer in England today’. There is no way of knowing if that statement is true, but Williams is certainly widely read: his book Culture and Society, first published in 1958, still sells an average of 5–6,000 copies a year.
Ian Birchall: Partisanship or abstention? A reply to Andrew Collier
International Socialism Journal nr. 5, jun 79 – side 67
Note: A reply to Andrew Collier: Partisanship and realism in art: a reply to Ian Birchall in ISJ2:2 (which in turn was a reply to Ian Birchall: The spectre of Zhdanov in ISJ2:1)
Colin Sparks: The debate on art and revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 5, jun 79 – side 75
Note: Comment on the debate between Ian Birchall and Andrew Collier on realism in art in ISJ2:1, ISJ2:2 and ISJ2:5
Andrew Collier: Partisanship and realism in art: a reply to Ian Birchall
International Socialism Journal nr. 2, sep 78 – side 1
Note: A reply to Ian Birchall: "The Spectre of Zhdanov" in ISJ2:1
Ian Birchall: The Spectre of Zhdanov
International Socialism Journal nr. 1, jul 78 – side 67
Note: Andrei A. Zhdanov, secretary of the central committee of the Russian Communist Party, and J.V. Stalin’s front man on cultural and philosophical questions, departed this life in 1948, shortly after organising the suppression of the literary journal Leningrad.

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