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Tema: Imperialisme

Se også: Se også: Globalisering; Krig

Se også: Globalisering; Krig
Alex Callinicos: Fighting the Last War
International Socialism Journal nr. 146, apr 15 
Note: A Note on Andreas Bieler and Adam David Morton, “Axis of Evil or Access to Diesel? Spaces of New Imperialism and the Iraq War” (Historical Materialism, 23.2 [2015])
Andreas Bieler and Adam Morton have just published a long and wide ranging article on imperialism. Since my own version of the classical Marxist theory of imperialism, along with William Robinson’s theory of transnational capitalism, serves as a counterfoil for their own argument, I thought it might be interesting to offer a few quick comments. (There’s a lot more in the article that I don’t address—for example, discussions of Rosa Luxemburg, Leo Panitch and Sam Gindin.)
John Newsinger: Imperial silences: From Rhodes to Surabaya
International Socialism Journal nr. 151, jul 16 – side 97
Note: The campaign last year to have the statue of Cecil Rhodes removed from Oriel College, Oxford, has provoked more discussion of the British Empire and its crimes than we have seen for many years. Rather than keeping quiet about Britain’s imperial past, the Rhodes Must Fall campaign has actually flushed establishment apologists out into the open. They have been forced to defend the legacy of a man who, if he had not been British and had not given a substantial bribe to Oxford University, would today be generally acknowledged by everyone as a corrupt fraudster, thief, liar and killer for profit, as someone marked out only by the enormity of his crimes.
Rahul Patel: Book Review: Voices of the sipahis
International Socialism Journal nr. 146, apr 15 – side 219
Note: Gajendra Singh, The Testimonies of Indian Soldiers and the Two World Wars (Bloomsbury, 2014), £27.99
The 100th anniversary of the First World War has brought into scope the “hidden” role of Britain’s Indian colonial soldiers. The recruitment of Indian Sipahis (or sepoys—soldiers) into the British Indian Army was utterly and cynically based on martial and environmental race theories. British army recruiters applied deep-seated racist notions in determining the type of Indian recruit they could and wanted to keep in the colonial army. The essence of the notion of divide and rule was practised most in the military.
Alex Callinicos: Analysis: The multiple crises of imperialism
International Socialism Journal nr. 144, okt 14 – side 17
Note: If the United States remains the command centre of global capitalism, a multiplicity of crises has been flashing up on its screens in the past few months. Let’s consider them in ascending order of importance from the perspective of US decision makers.
Adrian Budd: Debating imperialism
International Socialism Journal nr. 144, okt 14 – side 177
Note: A review of Leo Panitch and Sam Gindin, The Making of Global Capitalism: The Political Economy of American Empire (Verso, 2012), £20
As the world commemorates the centenary of the First World War (with limited awareness of its meaning) a book by two leading Marxists that explores contemporary imperialism demands our careful assessment.
Kim Ha-young: Imperialism and instability in East Asia today
International Socialism Journal nr. 138, apr 13 – side 21
Note: During the last two to three years tension and conflict have been increasing in East Asia. In 2012 this tendency was evident in the South China Sea, the East China Sea and the area round the Korean peninsula.
Jonathan Neale: Obama tries to hijack revolutions
Socialist Worker nr. 2253, maj 11 – side 4
Note: Barack Obama made a speech on the Middle East on Thursday of last week. He promised a big change in US foreign policy. Obama’s words allied him with the Arab revolts, and compared them to the American Revolution and the Civil Rights Movement.
Tim Northover: Den marxistiske teori om imperialisme
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 309, maj 11 – side 11
Note: Udviklingen af den marxistiske teori om imperialisme er en stor bedrift, der giver et uvurderligt bidrag til vores forståelse af verden.
Simon Basketter: Imperialism's bloody grasp on the Middle East
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 12
Note: The revolutions in the Middle East have thrown the imperial powers into crisis. That is because the control of the region has been at the heart of the West’s project for more than 100 years. The great powers have used every means at their disposal to maintain their grip throughout that time.
En kort oversigt over imperialismen i Mellemøsten
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 307, mar 11 – side 11
Note: Vestlige magter har blandet sig i Mellemøsten i over 200 år. Her er nogle af de vigtigste begivenheder i imperialismens intervention i regionen.
A short history of imperialism in the Middle East
Socialist Worker nr. 2240, feb 11 – side 4
Note: Western powers have been meddling in the Middle East for over 200 years. Here are some of the key events in imperialism’s intervention in the region.
Alt. url: Dansk oversættelse
Gareth Dale: Book review: A fiery polemic
International Socialism Journal nr. 128, okt 10 – side 221
Note: Alex Callinicos, Bonfire of Illusions: The Twin Crises of the Liberal World, (Polity Press, 2010), £14.99
A book’s dedication rarely relates closely to its content but this is an exception. Dedicated to the memories of Chris Harman and Peter Gowan, its twin themes are their lifelong preoccupations: capitalist crisis (Harman) and US imperialism (Gowan).
Gonzalo Pozo: Reassessing the permanent arms economy
International Socialism Journal nr. 127, jul 10 – side 111
Note: In his 1938 Transitional Programme (entitled “The Death Agony of Capitalism and the Tasks of the Fourth International”), Leon Trotsky had predicted an imminent collapse of the Soviet Union and an equally imminent crisis of Western capitalism. However, the world landscape after the war was fundamentally different, if not diametrically opposed to the one anticipated by Trotsky.
Gareth Jenkins: Empire and literature
International Socialism Journal nr. 127, jul 10 – side 167
Note: A review of Jonah Raskin, The Mythology of Imperialism: A Revolutionary Critique of British Literature and Society in the Modern Age (Monthly Review Press, 2009), £15.95
Gilbert Achcar: Rethinking imperialism: past, present and future
International Socialism Journal nr. 126, apr 10 – side 187
Note: A review of Alex Callinicos, Imperialism and Global Political Economy (Polity, 2009), £17.99
“Knowing Empire is part of fighting it”: this short statement concludes this remarkable 280-page book. It is certainly one of the most outstanding works in Alex Callinicos’s impressive list of publications—a list that covers an amazingly broad range of topics and keeps getting longer at an amazing pace.
Neil Davidson: ‘Failed states’: a loaded term
Socialist Worker nr. 2184, jan 10 – side 4
Note: Yemen began to be described as a “failed state” almost as soon as a link had been established between the failed Christmas bomb attempt over Detroit and the existence of an Al Qaida cell in that country.
Lindsey German: In my view: Peace, or just war?
Socialist Review nr. 343, jan 10 – side 7
Note: "The instruments of war do have a role to play in preserving the peace." So said Barack Obama in Oslo last month as he accepted the Nobel Prize for Peace.
Iain Ferguson: Book review: Imperialism and Global Political Economy
Socialist Review nr. 338, jul 09 – side 27
Note: Alex Callinicos, Polity; £16.99
The notion of "imperialism" is firmly back on the global agenda. For many thousands of people who have become politically active over the past decade through involvement in the great movements against war and occupation in Iraq and Afghanistan, it helps inform the way in which they now make sense of the world.
Simon Assaf: The West’s bloody role in the Middle East
Socialist Worker nr. 2157, jun 09 – side 9
Note: There is a dark shadow that hangs over all events in the Middle East. In Iran they call it the “hungry wolf”. Imperialism has been such a destructive and powerful force in the region that many suspect that it has a hand in all events that take place there.
Alt. url: Dansk oversættelse
John Newsinger: Book review: Liberal apologists autopsied
International Socialism Journal nr. 122, apr 09 – side 205
Note: As I write this review, Gaza lies in ruins after the Israeli government’s most recent exercise in collective punishment. This latest atrocity has excited massive opposition in Britain (not least the widespread student occupations). But the concern of the “liberal establishment” remains, quite incredibly, how to protect Israel from further Hamas attacks and so prevent the need for any more embarrassing Israeli reprisals.
Chris Bambery: Økonomisk ustabilitet skaber større fare for voldelige konflikter
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 285, jan 09 – side 16
Note: I takt med at den økonomiske tilbagegang bliver mere alvorlig, vil konkurrerende stater fortsat vende sig mod militær magt for at fastslå deres dominans, skriver Chris Bambery
Chris Bambery: Economic instability brings more danger of violent conflict
Socialist Worker nr. 2133, jan 09 – side 4
Note: As the global recession deepens, competing states will continue to look to their military power to assert their dominance.
Chris Bambery: Recession and war have been linked in the past
Socialist Worker nr. 2133, jan 09 – side 4
Note: The Great Depression of the 1930s was preceded by the drying up of credit and the development of a trade war.
Hostilities initially emerged between Britain and the US, the two greatest global powers of the era.
Alex Callinicos: Economic turmoil and endless war: System failure
Socialist Review nr. 329, okt 08 – side 10
Note: As the worst economic crisis since the 1929 crash rips through the world's markets, Alex Callinicos analyses the factors driving ever greater political instabilities across the globe.
Sadie Robinson: Is Caucasus conflict a new Cold War?
Socialist Worker nr. 2117, sep 08 – side 6
Note: We need to look beyond Western rhetoric to analyse current geopolitical tensions.
Chris Harman: In perspective: Chorus of hypocrites
Socialist Review nr. 328, sep 08 – side 21
Note: It comes easy for liberal commentators to condemn some human rights abuses and invasions, but why do they always stop short of denouncing the outrages perpetrated by the Western powers?
John Rees: Imperialism’s unstable world order
Socialist Worker nr. 2115, aug 08 – side 8
Note: After seven days of bloody war in the Caucasus and growing tension between the US and Russia, John Rees asks what is it about the new world order that has made it so prone to warfare?
Tony Staunton: Missile system turns Britain into a target
Socialist Worker nr. 2115, aug 08 – side 16
Note: George Bush’s plans for a “missile defence shield” have already played a major part in goading Russia and destabilising the Caucasus. Now it could turn Britain into a target in any future nuclear confrontation.
Chris Harman: In perspective: The state of imperialism
Socialist Review nr. 323, mar 08 – side 14
Note: If, as some people on the left claim, the term "imperialism" is out of date, who are the world's multinationals depending on to defend their interests?
Alex Callinicos: Putin’s 'cold war' paranoia is grounded in reality
Socialist Worker nr. 2089, feb 08 – side 4
Note: Russia’s president Vladimir Putin recently threatened to target nuclear missiles on Ukraine if it joined the “missile defence system” that the US is trying to build in central and eastern Europe. The US state department responded by denouncing Putin’s threat as “reprehensible rhetoric”.
John Newsinger: A to Z of Socialism: I for Imperialism
Socialist Review nr. 322, feb 08 – side 21
Note: Why does the BBC History magazine have a special issue devoted to the British Empire in 2008?
Adrian Budd: Review: Saull's Cold War: not such hot stuff
International Socialism Journal nr. 116, okt 07 – side 199
Note: Richard Saull, The Cold War and After: Capitalism, Revolution and Superpower Politics (Pluto, 2007), £22.50
Richard Saull’s new book provides a comprehensive analysis of the history and dynamics of the Cold War and of the world order that emerged after its end. Unlike many mainstream accounts Saull explores the Cold War as a global rather than primarily European phenomenon.
Jonny Jones: Imperialism: Stalinism, the Cold War and ‘the end of history’
Socialist Worker nr. 2070, sep 07 – side 6
Note: In the last part of our series Jonny Jones looks at how imperialism operates today
Jonny Jones: Imperialism: Analysing and resisting the First World War
Socialist Worker nr. 2069, sep 07 – side 6
Note: Jonny Jones continues our series on Imperialism with the theories of Vladimir Lenin and Nikolai Bukharin.
Jonny Jones: Imperialism: War and capitalism go hand in hand
Socialist Worker nr. 2068, sep 07 – side 6
Note: To start our new series on Imperialism, Jonny Jones begins with an exploration of the rise of monopolies.
Richard Seymour: Review: Brzezinski’s bunker
International Socialism Journal nr. 114, apr 07 – side 203
Note: Zbigniew Brzezinksi, Second Chance: Three Presidents and the Crisis of American Superpower (Basic Books, 2007), £15.99
Andrew Murray: Important signpost
International Socialism Journal nr. 113, jan 07 – side 183
Note: A review of John Rees, Imperialism and Resistance (Routledge, 2006), £14.99
Sally Campbell: Book Review: Cracks in the System
Socialist Review nr. 308, jul 06 – side 24
Note: Sally Campbell spoke to John Rees about the growing weaknesses in the imperialist project, and how they might be exploited by the anti-war movement.
John Rees: Imperialism and Resistance, Routledge.
Alex Callinicos: Feedback: Making sense of imperialism: a reply to Leo Panitch and Sam Gindin
International Socialism Journal nr. 110, mar 06 – side 196
Note: A Callinicos: "Imperialism and Global Political Economy", International Socialism 108 (Autumn 2005); L Panitch and S Gindin, "“Imperialism and Global Political Economy”—A Reply to Alex Callinicos", International Socialism 109 (Winter 2006).
Joseph Choonara: Empire built on shifting sand
International Socialism Journal nr. 109, dec 05 – side 143
Note: The last few years have not been kind to Antonio Negri. Empire, his most famous book, produced in collaboration with Michael Hardt, heralded the death of imperialism.
Artiklen er oversat til dansk og kan læses på Marxisme Online: Imperiet bygget på flyvesand.
Sam Gindin + Leo Panitch: Feedback: ‘Imperialism and global political economy’—a reply to Alex Callinicos
International Socialism Journal nr. 109, dec 05 – side 194
Note: We appreciate the attention that Alex Callinicos is giving to our work (International Socialism 108), and are especially pleased that he sees it as a ‘useful corrective’ to his earlier ‘mistaken claim’ that the end of the Cold War would see a return to the old inter-imperial rivalries.
Notes on contributors
International Socialism Journal nr. 109, dec 05 – side 206
Chris Harman: Analysis: Three faultlines
International Socialism Journal nr. 108, sep 05 – side 3
Note: This summer saw the clear emergence of another faultline in the world system, alongside those caused by the Bush government’s inability to crush the resistance in Iraq, and the rising wave of revolt in Latin America. The new faultline is in Western Europe. It is the subject of the opening section of this journal.
Alex Callinicos: Imperialism and global political economy
International Socialism Journal nr. 108, sep 05 – side 109
Morten Poulsen: Vor tids imperialisme
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 239, mar 05 – side 11
Note: Den USA-ledede "krig mod terror" giver større konkurence mellem økonomierne i USA, EU og Japan. Dette kan give luft til større millitær rivalisering. Morten Poulsen ser nærmere på imperialismens oprindelse.
Judy Cox: Imperialism: just a phase we're going through? (A Callinicos: "The New Mandarins of American Power" + "Imperialism Now" (Monthly Review, Aug 2003) + D Harvey: "The New Imperialism" + Panitch & Leys: "The New Imperial Challenge: Soc Register 2004")
International Socialism Journal nr. 102, mar 04 – side 119
Note: Judy Cox rounds up recent books on US imperialism from authors including Alex Callinicos and David Harvey.
Frank Antonsen: Socialismens historie: Imperialisme – kapitalismens højeste stadie
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 218, sep 03 – side 8
Note: Krigen mod Irak har igen bragt begrebet “imperialisme” på banen. Efter Berlin-murens fald og den kolde krigs afslutning i 1989, hed det ellers, at nu kunne markedskræfterne regere frit, hvilket ville sikre os en paradisisk verden af overflod og fred.
Jørn Andersen: Socialdemokratiet: Progressiv imperialisme?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 216, jul 03 – side 6
Note: “… man skal være imperialistisk i forhold til sine værdier.”
Chris Harman: Analysing imperialism
International Socialism Journal nr. 99, jun 03 – side 3
Note: Imperialism has been the word on the lips of millions in the last two war-filled years. But there is disagreement as to what it really means: is waging war only of benefit to the arms manufacturers and the multinationals gaining lucrative contracts to rebuild war-ravaged countries? Or does it run deeper than that, to the heart of the logic of capitalism? Chris Harman, author of "A People's History of the World", takes us through the bloody 20th century. He shows how a clear understanding of the relationship between military and economic competition is crucial for building an effective anti-imperialist movement today.
Anne Ashford: Imperialism: Remaking the Middle East
Socialist Review nr. 274, maj 03 – side 14
Note: The history of British and French rule in the Middle East makes uncomfortable reading for Iraq’s new conquerors.
Alex Callinicos: The grand strategy of the American empire
International Socialism Journal nr. 97, dec 02 – side 3
Note: Alex Callinicos analyses the new United States foreign policy. In the recently revealed National Security Strategy document the Bush administration has clearly broken with the pattern of the Cold War era to develop an even more aggressive pursuit of its imperial goals. But what are the strategic and economic motives that are driving this new policy? And does the US have the unparalleled economic strength that can support such a renewed imperial drive? These are issues that it is critical for the anti-war movement to understand.
Jørn Andersen: USA ønsker krig mod Irak: Imperialismen kan knækkes
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 206, sep 02 – side 9
Note: Indtil USA startede sin krig mod Afghanistan havde den anti-kapitalistiske bevægelse først og fremmest handlet om at bekæmpe økonomisk uretfærdighed. Pludselig blev den tvunget til at forholde sig til den militære side af globaliseringen.
Chris Harman: Thinking it through: Hegemony and harmony?
Socialist Review nr. 262, apr 02 – side 13
Note: Despite its military dominance the US still has reason to fear its rivals as Chris Harman explains
Tim Webb + Chris Nineham: Imperialism: War without end?
Socialist Review nr. 261, mar 02 – side 10
Note: Bush and Blair are preparing to launch war on Iraq but, as Chris Nineham explains, this could unleash opposition which they might find hard to contain. Also Tim Webb looks at the US arms industry.
Alt. url: Socialist Review Index
Jørn Andersen: Er USA almægtig?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 200, jan 02 – side 5
Note: USA som altdominerende supermagt, der kan gribe ind overalt, hvor dets interesser er truet. Det er det verdensbillede, medierne tegner efter smadringen af Afghanistan.
Mike Haynes: Imperialism: The limits of US power
Socialist Review nr. 259, jan 02 – side 10
Note: The world's only superpower combines military strength with economic and political weakness.
Alt. url: Socialist Review Index
John Rees: Imperialism: globalisation, the state and war
International Socialism Journal nr. 93, dec 01 – side 3
Note: The Third Major War in a decade began in Afghanistan in October 2001. After the end of the Cold War many commentators and politicians predicted an era of peaceful, market-led prosperity. But the Gulf War, the Balkan War and now the conflict in Central Asia have underlined the fact that we live in a dangerous and unstable system. What is it about the nature of the modern capitalist system that produces this drive to war? John Rees, editor of International Socialism, looks at 'Imperialism: globalisation, the state and war'. This analysis examines:
* How the process of globalisation has created instability.
* The effect of the collapse of the Stalinist system on the nature of imperialism.
* The role of oil in the causes Of war in the Balkans and Central Asia.
* The evolution of US policy and power in the last decade.
* The response of the left to the new imperialism.
'Imperialism' is a concise account of the main outlines of the capitalist system and the nature of inter-state rivalry at the beginning of the 21st century. It is indispensable for anyone who wants to understand the economic and political roots of war.
Mikkel Birk Jespersen + Jesper Høi Kanne: USA-imperialismen – den største trussel mod fred og velfærd
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 198, nov 01 – side 9
Note: USA er den absolut stærkeste økonomiske og militære magt i verden. USA forsvarer sine interesser overalt – i Afghanistan, i Columbia, i Mellemøsten. Og det med en brutalitet, som sætter profit højere end menneskeliv.
Dragan Plavsic: Contempt of court
Socialist Review nr. 257, nov 01 – side 14
Note: Can international law control US imperialism?
Jørn Andersen: Krig er en del af kapitalismen
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 197, okt 01 – side 9
Note: Nyrup og de øvrige EU-bosser påstår, at Bush’s krig mod Afghanistan er verdenssamfundets krig mod terrorisme. Men de mange protester mod krigen viser, at tusindvis af mennesker ikke tror på dem.
Dragan Plavsic: Wars without end
Socialist Review nr. 251, apr 01 – side 16
Note: Globalisation has been widely understood first and foremost as an economic term. However, there is a political and military dimension to globalisation that is essential for its very success. This is the state power the US and the leading industrial nations wield in order to advance globalisation by promoting the economic and political conditions which their multinational corporations can then exploit.
Alt. url: REDS - Die Roten
Angus Calder: Into slavery: the rise of imperialism (Nicholas Canny (ed): "The Origins of Empire: The New Oxford History of the British Empire – Volume I")
International Socialism Journal nr. 83, jun 99 – side 133
Note: Aangus Calder's timely review of The New Oxford History of the British Empire reminds us that the Balkan War, and excuses given for it, have a long and inglorious history behind them.
John Rees: Nato and the new imperialism
Socialist Review nr. 231, jun 99 – side 17
Alex Callinicos: Det blodige århundrede
Socialistisk Revy nr. 3, apr 98 – side 11
Note: Det 20. århundrede har været imperialismens århundrede. Alex Callinicos forklarer, hvordan politisk rivalisering mellem stater uundgåeligt fører til militær aggression.
Martin B. Johansen: Marxisme i hverdagen: En rivaliserende broderbande
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 161, jun 97 – side 5
Note: Et af de mest brugte argumenter for at opbygge EU og for at øge det militære samarbejde er, at det vil eliminere risikoen for krig i Europa.
Charlie Lywood: Den nye verdensorden: NATO er ny imperialisme
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 154, mar 97 – side 4
Note: Imperialismen – de kapitalistiske staters indbyrdes rivalisering – har to gange i dette århundrede kastet verden ud i altødelæggende verdenskrige.
Dag Marcus Eide: Imperialisme: Krig og utbytting
Internasjonal Sosialisme 2 (norsk) nr. 1, sep 96 
Note: Dag Eide viser hvordan sentrale teoretikere i den marxistiske tradisjonen har analysert imperialismen.
Ole Mølholm Jensen + Tom Christiansen: Det nationale spørgsmål, sub-imperialismen og vores svar
International Socialisme nr. 1, feb 92 – side 19
Note: Hvis marxisters opgave kun var at forholde sig til kampe, der foregik mellem arbejderklassen og borgerskabet, var vi forskånet for megen teori og analyse af, hvordan verden ser ud. Vi kunne vende ryggen til de konflikter og spørgsmål, som ikke direkte involverede arbejderklassen som klasse.
Gareth Jenkins: Honour and anger are not enough (Noam Chomsky: "Deterring Democracy")
International Socialism Journal nr. 53, dec 91 – side 111
Chris Harman: The state and capitalism today
International Socialism Journal nr. 51, jun 91 – side 3
Note: The last decade is seen as a time when the state was rolled back and the ‘free market’ took over. In Britain and the US, Eastern Europe and the Third World, the ruling class talks of privatisation as the solution to the economic crisis. But as Chris Harman explains, the interdependence of capital with the nation state is most crucial today as it was in capitalism’s early days. He examines the relationship between capital and the state, from its early days through to the globalisation of capital and the spread of multinational corporations. He shows how these trends are underpinned by political structures and supported by military might, as the recent Gulf war vividly demonstrated.
Alex Callinicos: Marxism and imperialism today
International Socialism Journal nr. 50, mar 91 – side 3
Note: The imperialist war has returned with a vengeance in the Gulf only months after politicians and media pundits were predicting a new world order of peace and security. Alex Callinicos looks at why capitalism gives rise to imperialism, at how imperialism itself has changed over the course of the 20th century and at the developments in Marxist theory which have tried to explain these changes.
John Rees: The new imperialism
International Socialism Journal nr. 48, sep 90 – side 53
Note: The Cold War is giving way to a new era of peace, or so presidents and media pundits constantly assure us. Yet in the Gulf and in Africa, in South East Asia and the Indian subcontinent, on the southern borders of the USSR and in central America bloody conflict is still the order of the day.
Even in Europe the euphoria of the last year's revolutions has given way to instability. The old superpowers are challenged by the emerging power of Germany and Japan. John Rees looks at how the Cold War ended and at the new imperialism taking its place.
John Saville: Britain, the Marshall Plan and the Cold War
International Socialism Journal nr. 46, mar 90 – side 143
Note: M J Hogan: “The Marshall Plan, America, Britain, and the reconstruction of Western Europe, 1947-1952” + P Weiler: “British Labour and the Cold War” + H Pelling: “Britain and the Marshall Plan”)
John Saville, one of the best known Marxist historians whose most recent book is 1848-the British State and the Chartist Movement, turns his attention to the roots of the Cold War and the Marshall Plan. His timely review article gives us a chance to look back at the origins of a period that now seems to be passing away.
Alex Callinicos: Imperialism, capitalism and the state today – a review of Nigel Harris's 'The End of the Third World'
International Socialism Journal nr. 35, jun 87 – side 71
Michael Mogensen: Forberedelser til stjernekrig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 5, feb 85 – side 8
Note: USA og Sovjet sidder igen ved forhandlingsbordet i Geneve. Emnet er nedrustning – lige som under SALT-og START-forhandlingerne. Og resultatet bliver også det samme: Allerhøjst et sæt rammer for de kommende års kaprustning.
Peter Green: Debt, the banks and Latin America
International Socialism Journal nr. 21, sep 83 – side 3
Peter Binns: Understanding the New Cold War
International Socialism Journal nr. 19, mar 83 – side 1
Note: Er oversat til dansk og udgivet som pjece på Internationale Socialisters Forlag under titlen: "Krig og kapitalisme" (feb. 1985)
Alex Callinicos: Trotsky’s Theory of Permanent Revolution and its relevance to the Third World Today
International Socialism Journal nr. 16, mar 82 – side 98
Note: Trotsky’s theory of permanent revolution is one of the half a dozen most important contributions to Marxism since the time of its founders. The appearance of a serious study of the theory by Michael Löwy, the author of excellent books on the young Marx and on Lukacs, is, therefore, to be welcomed.
Michael Kidron: Imperialism, Highest Stage but One
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 9, jun 62 
Note: Fate was unkind to Lenin when it singled out his pamphlet, Imperialism, The Highest Stage of Capitalism, to be the most pervasive of his writings.
Filip Ilkowski: Missilskjoldet taget af bordet (indtil videre)
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 292, okt 09 – side 4
Note: Hvordan skal man forstå USA’s beslutning om at annullere den planlagte opbygning af elementer af det såkaldte „antiraketskjold“ i Polen og Tjekkiet?
John Newsinger: Nato's bloody history
Socialist Review nr. 335, apr 09 – side 22
Note: Sixty years after its formation Nato continues to be an important tool of US imperialism. John Newsinger traces the organisation's history from its first meeting on 4 April 1949 to today's war in Afghanistan and its expansion into the countries of eastern Europe.
Lene Junker: NATO 60 år: Fra kold til varm krig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 287, mar 09 – side 10
Note: I starten af april fejrer NATO sit 60-års jubilæum med et topmøde i Strasbourg. På topmødet skal der vedtages en ny strategi for Afghanistan, hvor USA og NATO er kørt helt fast.
Chris Nineham: Unite against Nato expansion and war
Socialist Worker nr. 2127, nov 08 – side 6
Note: With conflict spreading across the globe, April’s protest in Strasbourg will be a key focus for the anti-war movement.
Start mobilising now to join the European anti-Nato demonstration
Socialist Worker nr. 2127, nov 08 – side 6
Note: The Strasbourg protest will begin with a counter-summit bringing together anti-war activists, writers and politicians from around the world. It will start on Thursday 2 April.
Dave Crouch: Nato and Russia: Georgia on their minds
Socialist Review nr. 328, sep 08 – side 14
Note: What lies behind the conflict between Georgia and Russia? Dave Crouch explains why the Caucasus has become the new front for US imperialism.
Nato moves east (map)
Socialist Worker nr. 2115, aug 08 – side 9
L Bergmann: NATO-topmødet
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 263, dec 06 – side 5
Note: NATO-topmødet i Riga efterlader både et skræmmende fremtidsscenarium for forsvarsalliancens udvikling samt et billede af en alliance som viser tegn på intern splittelse.
Christian Ringdal: NATO, Kosovo og imperialisme
Internasjonal Sosialisme 2 (norsk) nr. 4, sep 99 
Peter Kjær: NATOs ‘humanitære’ kapitalisme
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 174, aug 99 – side 10
Note: I medierne præsenteres NATOs angreb på Kosovo og Serbien, som en velsignet krig, en krig mellem det gode – NATO og vestlige værdier – og det onde, den Hitlerlignende Milosevic og en kynisk serbisk befolkning.
Charlie Lywood: NATOs udvidelse: En bombe under freden
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 160, jun 97 – side 2
Note: Det er muligt, at avisernes lederskribenter selv troede på overskrifter som “Anden verdenskrigs endelige afslutning”, da de beskrev NATOs og Ruslands aftale om Nato’s udvidelse mod øst.
Ole Mølholm Jensen: NATO-udvidelse: Øger faren for krig
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 155, mar 97 – side 4
Note: NATO forsøger at rykke mod Øst og optage flere lande, der tidligere har været med i det østeuropæiske forsvarssamarbejde omkring Warszawa-pagten.
Derek Howl: NATO in a spin
Socialist Review nr. 120, maj 89 – side 17
Note: The recent arguments between Thatcher and West German Chancellor Kohl about short range missiles has brought the question of nuclear disarmament back into the headlines. Derek Howl looks at what lies behind the disputes and explains what is at stake for both superpowers.
UN: a council of murderers
Socialist Worker nr. 2244, mar 11 – side 9
Note: The fact that the United Nations (UN) Security Council has voted to create a “no-fly zone” over Libya has led many to claim that West’s air attacks are legitimate. But the UN is an instrument of the world’s powers.
Mikkel Birk Jespersen: Kan FN reformeres?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 304, dec 10 – side 11
Note: Mange på venstrefløjen ser FN som det bedste bud på en institution der kan sikre en mere retfærdig verden. En stor del af dem anerkender samtidig at det vil kræve en reform af FN. Mikkel Brik Jespersen ser her på mulighederne for en reform af FN.
Peter Schjerning: Er FN løsningen i Afghanistan?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 302, okt 10 – side 13
Note: Det mener en række af de mest prominente danske krigsmodstandere. Denne artikel forsøger, at problematisere denne løsning.
Mikkel Birk Jespersen: Tør vi lægge vores fremtid i hænderne på FN?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 293, dec 09 – side 7
Note: Der er intet, der tyder på, at den forsamling mennesker, der har sat hinanden stævne i Bella Centret, vil løse klimakrisen; selv om de hævder det. For i virkeligheden fremmer de for få og forkerte løsninger.
Jørn Andersen: FN – en trussel mod freden
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 208, nov 02 – side 6
Note: Mens dette skrives foregår der en uhyggelig og kynisk tuskhandel mellem USA og især Kina og Rusland: Hvilken pris skal USA betale, for at Rusland og Kina stemmer for krig i FN’s sikkerhedsråd?
Frank Antonsen: Kommentar: FN – garant for fred?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 207, okt 02 – side 6
Note: FN blev oprettet umiddelbart efter anden verdenskrig, angiveligt med det formål at sikre fred og undgå krig.
Ken Coates: Benign imperialism versus United Nations
International Socialism Journal nr. 85, dec 99 – side 49
Note: Ken Coates has been a longtime labour movement activist, a critic of Blairism and an opponent of the recent Balkan War. In this issue we publish his critique of former peace activists who joined the pro-war lobby. John Baxter welcomes Ken Coates's defence of the anti-war movement, but dissents from the conclusion that the United Nations is a suitably neutral force which can resolve imperial conflicts.
John Baxter: Is the UN an alternative to 'humanitarian imperialism'?
International Socialism Journal nr. 85, dec 99 – side 57
Note: Ken Coates has been a longtime labour movement activist, a critic of Blairism and an opponent of the recent Balkan War. In this issue we publish his critique of former peace activists who joined the pro-war lobby. John Baxter welcomes Ken Coates's defence of the anti-war movement, but dissents from the conclusion that the United Nations is a suitably neutral force which can resolve imperial conflicts.
Jakob Nerup: FN’s sociale topmøde: Snak og skønmaleri
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 113, mar 95 – side 8
Note: FNs sociale topmøde vil skøjte henover de reelle problemer. Det vil derfor ikke bringe udviklingen et eneste skridt i den rigtige retning.
Duncan Blackie: The United Nations and the politics of imperialism
International Socialism Journal nr. 63, jun 94 – side 49
Note: Another dimension of the increasingly volatile international situation is examined by Duncan Blackie: the attempt by the major powers to use the United Nations to police an unruly globe. He shows why the United Nations' operations in the Balkans, Somalia and Cambodia have made bad situations worse, not better.
Martin B. Johansen: Sådan er det!: FN overtræder egne regler
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 100, feb 94 – side 13
Note: Det danske militærs seneste reklamekampagne tegner et glansbillede af FN-soldater som fredens og dydens vogtere. Men billedet blegner i lyset af de seneste afsløringer af, hvad FNs fredsbevarende styrker i virkeligheden har udrettet.

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