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Tema: Videnskab

Amy Gilligan: Review: Science and industry
International Socialism Journal nr. 131, jul 11 – side 221
Note: David Knight, The Making of Modern Science (Polity, 2009), £17.99
There prevails in society the notion that the practice of science is somehow objective and neutral. However, when we look at the way funding is allocated and what research is undertaken it quickly becomes clear that this is not the case. By looking at the history of science we can see this is not a new development.
Penny Howard: Book review: Sharing history
International Socialism Journal nr. 127, jul 10 – side 202
Note: Thomas C Patterson, Karl Marx, Anthropologist (Berg, 2009), £19.99
Karl Marx, Anthropologist is a fascinating and very wide ranging book, which draws on Patterson’s almost 50 years of study of both Marxism and anthropology.
John Parrington: How to make learning science fun
Socialist Worker nr. 2183, jan 10 – side 12
Note: A recent report condemning British schools for damaging learning reminded me of a great educational project I took part in at a comprehensive in Bradford last year, writes John Parrington
David Seddon: Book review: Starting at the bottom
International Socialism Journal nr. 123, jul 09 – side 207
Note: Heidi Armbruster and Anna Laerke (eds), Taking Sides: Ethics, Politics and Fieldwork in Anthropology (Berghahn Books, 2008), £45
I enjoyed reading this collection—in part because it reminded me of when I was at the London School of Economics as a graduate student in social anthropology. This was in 1968, when there was a good deal of discussion about the politics of anthropology—mainly coming across the Atlantic from the US and exemplified most memorably by Current Anthropology’s “symposium on social responsibilities”.
John Baxter: Book review: “We can always shoot them later”
International Socialism Journal nr. 122, apr 09 – side 201
Note: The post-war period was a time of rapid reconstruction and modernisation in the Soviet Union, and science and technology were expected to play a huge part in the process. As such, the rewards and prestige for those working in Soviet science were particularly high. But the risks were great too. Whole academic disciplines could find themselves out of favour—academics might be arrested or killed if their ideas were deemed unpatriotic or “anti-Soviet”.
John Parrington: Book review: Bad Science
Socialist Review nr. 329, okt 08 – side 27
Note: by Ben Goldacre, Fourth Estate, £12.99
Under modern capitalism our lives are increasingly dependent on scientific and technological advances, from mobile phones and MP3 players to the latest drug or surgical treatment. Yet at the same time there is also much public fear and misunderstanding about science. In Bad Science Ben Goldacre, most widely known for his Guardian column of the same name, investigates the consequences of such fear and ignorance, specifically in relation to the biomedical sciences and the various alternative health movements that have sprung up in opposition to them.
Neil Faulkner: Gordon Childe and Marxist archaeology
International Socialism Journal nr. 116, okt 07 – side 81
Note: It may not be an accident that Vere Gordon Childe (1892-1957), perhaps the greatest archaeologist of the 20th century, committed suicide within a year of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. For Childe was not just a leading academic, prehistorian and social theorist; he was also, throughout his adult life, an active and deeply committed socialist, but one who retained illusions in Stalinism to the end.
Chris Harman: Book reviews: Empty method man (Kieran Allen: "Max Weber: A Critical Introduction")
International Socialism Journal nr. 105, dec 04 – side 171
Note: This is a very critical introduction to the theorist who is still being presented to generations of sociology students as the ‘liberal’, ‘value free’ and ‘sophisticated’ alternative to the supposed ‘economic reductionism’ of Karl Marx. As such it will be extremely useful to teachers and students alike.
Jan Hoby: Social-Darwinismens forklaringsproblem
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 217, aug 03 – side 9
Note: Social-Darwinisterne er under voldsomt pres. De forsøger på stadigt mere raffinerede måder at bevise, at der er naturlige forklaringer på, hvorfor magtfordelingen i samfundet er som den er.
Rob Hoveman: History of theory (Alex Callinicos: "Social Theory: A Historical Introduction")
International Socialism Journal nr. 85, dec 99 – side 145
Margit Johansen: Niels Bohr på Betty Nansen-teatret: Forskning, etik og magtpolitik
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 176, okt 99 – side 8
Note: Da videnskabsmanden Niels Bohr i 1943 flygtede fra Danmark, blev han fløjet til USA og blev et centralt medlem af Los Alamos temaet, der under 2. verdenskrig udviklede atombomben i USA.
Phil Gasper: Bookwatch: Marxism and science
International Socialism Journal nr. 79, jun 98 – side 137
Note: A comprehensive survey of classic and contemporary books on the subject.
John Parrington: It's life Jim, but not as we know it (Steven Rose: "Lifelines")
International Socialism Journal nr. 78, mar 98 – side 105
Note: John Parrington also looks at dialectics in his review of Steven Rose's new book 'Lifelines'.
John Baxter: The return of political science (Margaret C Jacob (ed.): "The Politics of Western Science, 1640-1990" + Robert B Silvers (ed.): "Hidden Histories of Science")
International Socialism Journal nr. 77, dec 97 – side 111
Note: John Baxter looks at the politics of science.
Frank Antonsen: Hvad er intelligens?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 164, aug 97 – side 6
Note: 1997 er udnævnt til “Hjerneår” – året hvor udforskningen af intelligensen skal styrkes. Men begrebet intelligens bliver ofte brugt til at forsvare og undskylde samfundets uretfærdigheder.
Richard Levins: When science fails us
International Socialism Journal nr. 72, sep 96 – side 59
Note: RICHARD LEVINS is a biologist best known for co-authoring the highly praised book, The Dialectical Biologist. He founded Science for Vietnam and Science for the People in the United States. He refused nomination to the National Academy of Science in the early 1970s because of that organisation's role as an adviser to the government's war effort in Vietnam. This year he was awarded the 1996 Edinburgh Medal at the Edinburgh International Science Festival. His address to the festival, 'When science fails us', is a critique of establishment science and a vindication of a dialectical approach to science.
Chris Harman: Blood simple (Chris Knight: "Blood relations: Menstruation and the Origins of Culture")
International Socialism Journal nr. 54, mar 92 – side 169
Per Jensen: Anmeldelse: Mærk verden – en reaktionær bog (Tor Nørretranders: "Mærk verden")
International Socialisme nr. 1, feb 92 – side 36
Note: ÅRETS SÆLLERT i 1991 på det danske bogmarked var Tor Nørretranders' bog Mærk Verden. Den gennemgår forskningsresultater fra fysikere, matematikere, hjerneforskere, psykologer, astronomer, filosoffer og andre videnskabsgrene – og som gennemgang af enkelte fremmedord er bogen interessant nok. Men der er ikke kun tale om populær fremstilling af videnskabens resultater, for det er ikke en lærebog eller et videnskabeligt værk, men fordummelseslitteratur.
Duncan Blackie: Revolution in science (Stephen Hawking: "A Brief History of Time, from the big bang to black holes")
International Socialism Journal nr. 42, mar 89 – side 115
Note: Many on the left, especially those associated with the Greens, are, at best, suspicious of and, at worst, hostile to science. This has never been an attitude shared by Marxists. In his review of Stephen Hawking's bestseller A Brief History of Time Duncan Blackie explains Hawking's place in the 20th Century revolution in physics and opens a discussion of the relationship between Marxism and modern science.
Se også: Teknologi; Miljø
Camilla Royle: Marxism and the Anthropocene
International Socialism Journal nr. 151, jul 16 – side 63
Note: As you read this article every breath you take in contains about 400 parts per million (ppm) of carbon dioxide, around a third more than your great grandparents breathed 100 years ago. As well as leading to potentially catastrophic global warming, carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has changed the way plants photosynthesise and has also made seas and lakes more acidic, more so than they have been for the last 800,000 years. The effect human activity is having in the world is on such a huge scale that, for a growing number of thinkers, Earth has entered a new geological epoch defined by human activity. Using the Greek word Anthropos (human) they propose to name this epoch the Anthropocene.
Terry Sullivan: Dialectical biology: A response to Camilla Royle
International Socialism Journal nr. 145, jan 15 – side 179
Note: The concept of dialectics is central to Marxism and the fight for a socialist transformation of society. Given this, we should welcome Camilla Royle’s recent article in this journal on the dialectics of nature and in particular biology.
Camilla Royle: Dialectics, nature and the dialectics of nature
International Socialism Journal nr. 141, jan 14 – side 97
Note: In 1873 Karl Marx’s collaborator Frederick Engels started work on an ambitious volume entitled Dialectics of Nature. He described in a letter to Marx how, while lying in bed one morning, he had concluded that the natural sciences were really all about “matter in motion”.
John Parrington: Genetic technology should be free – and tested
Socialist Worker nr. 2362, jul 13 – side 15
Note: The term “three parent baby” is misleading but the technology could combat disease, says John Parrington.
John Parrington: The Human Genome Project: Brave new world of scientific understanding or false dawn?
International Socialism Journal nr. 139, jul 13 – side 99
Note: This year marks the anniversaries of two key events in science. Sixty years ago Jim Watson and Francis Crick revealed their famous “double helix” model of the structure of DNA, the “molecule of life”. And ten years ago saw the completion of the Human Genome Project, the international mission to decode all the DNA information in our genomes.
Colm Stephens: The Large Hadron Collider: Who gives a Higgs Boson Anyway?
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 6, jun 13 – side 70
Note: By now the Large Hadron Collider or LHC and the Higgs boson have become big news. Countless newspaper articles over the past year or so have tried to keep their readers up to date on the progress towards finding the so-called `God particle'. Despite the acres of newsprint and millions of web pages how many of us actually have a real grasp of what is going on in the tunnels below the Swiss-French border close to Geneva?
Dave O’Farrell: The Politics of Evolution
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 4, dec 12 – side 37
Note: Our standard view of evolution today is to an extent coloured by cultural norms, the ubiquity of the first image above means it is often the first thing many people will think of when they hear the word evolution. The reality of human evolution is, however, far closer to the tree like structure in the second image with it's many offshoots. The fact that only one species of human exists today is actually the exception rather than the norm and for much of our evolutionary history multiple hominid species co-existed.
Dave O’Farrell: Review: Chris Stringer, The Origin of Our Species, Allen Lane, London, 2011
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 2, jun 12 – side 110
Note: The topics of human evolution and the origins of human society have been of interest to Marxists since the time of Marx and Engels. The origins of modern human society have been an area of considerable debate on a number of fronts with Marx and Engels theories of a form of primitive communism existing in hunter gatherer societies often counter-posed with theories of humans as ‘naked apes’ with conflict and hierarchical structures being the norm.
John Parrington: Book Review: André Pichot: The Pure Society
Socialist Review nr. 337, jun 09 – side 27
Note: Charles Darwin's legacy has been much celebrated recently, this year being the bicentenary of his birth. However, according to this book, there is a much darker side of evolutionary thought that should not be forgotten. Pichot shows how Darwin's name has been invoked in support of the reactionary theory of "eugenics".
Alex Callinicos: Charles Darwin’s discovery
Socialist Worker nr. 2138, feb 09 – side 13
Note: Alex Callinicos looks at the political controversies that still surround Charles Darwin, who was born 200 years ago, and founded modern biology with his theory of evolution
John Parrington: Charles Darwin: Revolution of evolution
Socialist Review nr. 333, feb 09 – side 23
Note: Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace formulated the theory of evolution and fought for its acceptance across the scientific community.
Siân Ruddick: Medicine and War exhibition: Is war ever responsible for human progress?
Socialist Worker nr. 2135, jan 09 – side 11
Note: The grotesque way in which the military and medicine are linked reveals much about our society.
Esme Choonara: Embryology Bill: Why embryo research matters
Socialist Worker nr. 2094, mar 08 – side 6
Note: Attacks on human/animal embryo research must be resisted.
Phil Gasper: Darwins farlige ideer
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 273, okt 07 – side 10
Note: Hvorfor er evolutionslæren en torn i øjet på højrefløjen?
John Parrington: Book review: Brain food
International Socialism Journal nr. 109, dec 05 – side 181
Note: A review of Steven Rose: "The 21st Century Brain" (Jonathan Cape, 2005), £25 + Terrence Deacon: "The Symbolic Species" (Norton, 1998), £8.99
Frank Antonsen: Læserbrev: Naturvidenskab er ikke borgerligt
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 218, sep 03 – side 10
Note: I sidste nummer af Socialistisk Arbejderavis havde Jakob Nerup skrevet en ellers udmærket artikel om studieforholdene.
Paul McGarr: Revolutions in evolution: Stephen Jay Gould in perspective
International Socialism Journal nr. 100, sep 03 – side 81
Note: Evolution has been politically contentious ever since Darwin developed his theory of natural selection. Paul McGarr summarises the work of Stephen Jay Gould, one of science's greatest popularisers, and the scourge of reactionaries and reductionists everywhere.
Malene Flagga: Morten Colding-Jørgensen: “Kaos og ikke-elefanter”: Sommerfuglens vingeslag
Socialistisk Revy nr. 10, dec 98 – side 24
Note: Bogen Kaos og ikke-elefanter af Morten Colding-Jørgensen, er et forsøg på at svare på spørgsmålene “hvad er kaos?” og “hvad kan det bruges til?”, så også lægmand kan forstå svarene.
Alex Callinicos: Darwin, materialism and evolution
(D C Dennett: "Darwin's Dangerous Idea")

International Socialism Journal nr. 71, jun 96 – side 99
Paul McGarr: Engels and natural science
International Socialism Journal nr. 65, dec 94 – side 143
Note: Paul McGarr's "Engels and natural science" examines scientific development against the background of Engels' ideas.
Martin B. Johansen: Marxister og kaos
International Socialisme nr. 5, jun 93 – side 23
Note: Kaosteorien bliver tit præsenteret ved eksemplet med den såkaldte sommerfugleeffekt. Det går ud på, at vejret kan være så følsomt over for små variationer, at en sommerfugls vingeslag kan forårsage en orkan på den anden side af Jorden.
Paul McGarr: Order out of chaos
International Socialism Journal nr. 48, sep 90 – side 137
Note: Chaos theory is more misused than understood. Paul McGarr dismisses the bogus political use to which it has been put and shows why this new science is asking the same questions that have long been thought the idiosyncratic concern of Marxist philosophers.
Malcolm Povey: Science and socialists: The science factory
Socialist Review nr. 116, jan 89 – side 26
Duncan Blackie: Science and socialists: It's all relative (Einstein)
Socialist Review nr. 115, dec 88 – side 26
Mike Simons: Science and socialists: Darwin's new dawn
Socialist Review nr. 114, nov 88 – side 26
Andy Wilson: Science and socialists: The core of Newton
Socialist Review nr. 113, okt 88 – side 26
Paul McGarr: Science and socialists: Star wars (Copernicus, Kepler and Galileo)
Socialist Review nr. 112, sep 88 – side 24
Note: One of the most popular courses at the recently held Marxism 88 was that on science. This month we begin a short series loosely based on that corse.
Here Paul McGarr writes on Copernicus, Kepler and Galileo.
Terry Sullivan: Book Review: Genomes: Just how important are they?
International Socialism Journal nr. 149, jan 16 – side 217
Note: John Parrington, The Deeper Genome: Why There is More to the Human Genome than Meets the Eye (Oxford University Press, 2015), £18.99
John Parrington has written a lively and engaging popular science book about the history of genetics or what is increasingly referred to as “genomics”.
John Parrington: Embryonic bigotry
Socialist Worker nr. 2097, apr 08 – side 12
Note: Right wing lobbyists are opposing research into new fertility treatments with false notions of what is “natural”.
John Parrington: Science: From great to disgrace
Socialist Review nr. 319, nov 07 – side 21
Note: When Nobel prize winner James Watson made racist comments about black people and intelligence last month, he was using his scientific credentials to legitimise bigotry.
Viren Swami: James Watson’s 'scientific' racism is inferior science
Socialist Worker nr. 2074, okt 07 – side 12
Note: James Watson’s belief that black people are less intelligent than white people is the latest example of scientific racism, writes Viren Swami.
John Parrington: Science: The gene machine
Socialist Review nr. 266, sep 02 – side 17
Note: Sir John Sulston, former director of the human genome mapping project, talks to John Parrington
John Parrington: Science: Clones maketh a man?
Socialist Review nr. 259, jan 02 – side 23
Note: John Parrington examnies the controversy over the cloning of human embryos.
Alt. url: Socialist Review Index
Jens Loller: Gensplejsning – en genvej til profit
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 190, feb 01 – side 6
Note: Udviklingen indenfor gensplejsning af afgrøder, hjælpestoffer og færdige fødevareprodukter, kaldet GMO, går ufatteligt stærkt. På trods af EU’s 1 års stop for markedsføring af GMO, foregår udviklingen af GMO i meget høj hast, både i og udenfor EU.
John Parrington: Gensplejsning – fremskridt eller mareridt
Socialistisk Revy nr. 10, dec 98 – side 14
Note: Genetisk modificerede fødevarer er på vej ind på hylderne i supermarkederne. John Parrington ser i denne artikel på, om det er en udvikling, socialister kan støtte.
Martin B. Johansen: Steven Rose: "Lifelines": Månedens bog: Ligger det i generne?
Socialistisk Revy nr. 2, mar 98 – side 19
Note: En ny bog af hjerneforskeren Steven Rose tilbageviser den ellers meget moderne opfattelse af, at det er generne, der bestemmer vores liv.
Underskriftsindsamling mod gensplejsning
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 172, dec 97 – side 7
Note: 19 miljø- og forbrugerorganisationer er gået sammen om en underskriftindsamling mod gensplejsning.
Efter kloningen af Dolly: På vej mod mareridtet?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 154, mar 97 – side 4
Note: Kloning af får som Dolly er ikke i sig selv farligt. Men frygten for konsekvenserne er berettiget, da forskningen er underlagt markedsøkonomien.
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 154, mar 97 – side 7
Note: Stiftende møde i Gen-Etisk Fødevare Oplysning lørdag 15. marts klokken 16.00 på N. Kochs skole, Trøjborgvej 75 i Århus.
Dorte Lange: “The Bell Curve”: Er det genernes skyld?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 117, jul 95 – side 11
Note: Er menneskers livsform og personlige egenskaber bestemt af det miljø, de er opvokset i, eller er det noget, hver enkelt har arvet fra tidligere generationer?
Allan Werge: Grænser for genteknologi
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 110, dec 94 – side 11
Note: Grænsen skal gå der hvor ændringerne bliver ført videre til de næste generationer. De har ret til selv at bestemme.
Paul McGarr: Findes der et bøsse-gen?
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 95, sep 93 – side 13
Note: Amerikanske forskere påstår, at de har fundet hemmeligheden bag homoseksualitet: Et bøsse-gen!
Se også: Marxistisk filosofi
Simon Behrmann: Giorgio Agamben in perspective
International Socialism Journal nr. 140, okt 13 – side 155
Note: In recent years the Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben has become one of the most vital and most discussed figures in academia. But as with other major figures such as Michel Foucault, Antonio Negri and Alain Badiou, Agamben’s name and influence have spread beyond the narrow confines of the academy.
Ross Speer: Philosophical arabesques
International Socialism Journal nr. 133, jan 12 – side 212
Note: István Mészáros, Social Structure and Forms of Consciousness, volume 1: The Social Determination of Method (Monthly Review Press, 2010), £20, and Social Structure and Forms of Consciousness, volume 2: The Dialectic of Structure and History (Monthly Review Press, 2011), £20
Stacey Whittle: Book review: Philosophy on the barricades
International Socialism Journal nr. 127, jul 10 – side 209
Note: Peter Hudis and Kevin B. Anderson (eds), Raya Dunayevskaya: The Power of Negativity—Selected Writings on the Dialectic in Hegel and Marx (Lexington Books, 2002), £16.95
The relationship of Marx and historical materialism to Hegelian dialectics has long been a source of argument amongst Marxists and non-Marxists alike. The great value of Raya Dunayevskaya’s work, and of these selected writings, is to leave no shadow of doubt that Marx’s entire work (despite allegations of an “epistemological break” between his early “philosophy” and later “economic” work) is indebted to Hegel’s historical and philosophical dialectic. Her aim is to demonstrate the relationship of the Hegelian revolution in philosophy to Marx’s philosophy of revolution.
Dan Swain: Book review: Refusing to be pessimistic
International Socialism Journal nr. 126, apr 10 – side 211
Note: Alain Badiou, Pocket Pantheon: Figures of Postwar Philosophy (Verso 2009), £9.99
In the preface to this new collection, the French philosopher Alain Badiou offers a withering assessment of the state of contemporary philosophy. He attacks those modern philosophers content to echo and clarify the ruling ideas of society and “wear themselves out trying to infect us with little articles, debates, blazing headlines (“The Ethics of Stock Options: Philosophers Speak Out at Last”) and boisterous roundtable discussions (“Philosophers: the G-String or the Veil?)” When confronted with the sight of Bérnard-Henri Lévy, supposedly France’s foremost thinker, speaking at the NATO summit or joining the clamour to ban the burqa, it is easy to see what he means.
Jonathan Maunder: Radical thinkers today: What force can solve Zizek’s antagonism?
Socialist Worker nr. 2179, nov 09 – side 6
Note: In our final column Jonathan Maunder looks at the ideas and limitations of Slavoj Zizek.
Paul Blackledge: A to Z of Socialism: Y is for Young Hegelians
Socialist Review nr. 338, jul 09 – side 24
Note: Marxism was born of a synthesis of the most advanced aspects of bourgeois social theory: English political economy, French socialism and German classical philosophy.
John Rees: A to Z of Socialism: Q is for quantity and quality
Socialist Review nr. 330, nov 08 – side 24
Note: How is it that history makes an unexpected leap forward?
Take the sudden onset of the economic crisis. We were told this could never happen again, but banks are failing, the financial system is in turmoil and a recession is opening up beneath our feet.
Colin Wilson: Foucault and history
Socialist Worker nr. 2082, dec 07 – side 13
Note: Colin Wilson takes a critical look at the ideas and politics of influential historian Michel Foucault
Dan Swain: Review: Reasonable ideology? Negri's Descartes
International Socialism Journal nr. 114, apr 07 – side 201
Note: Antonio Negri, Political Descartes: Reason, Ideology and the Bourgeois Project (Verso 2007), £6.99
Chris Harman: Dialectics of morality
International Socialism Journal nr. 113, jan 07 – side 199
Note: A review of Alex Callinicos, The Resources of Critique (Polity, 2006), £16.99
Alex Callinicos attempts to deal with important questions in this book. How is it possible for people conditioned by the structures of a certain society to go beyond these (a process Alex calls ‘transcendence’) to fight for a different society? How is it possible to find criteria of truth that escape social conditioning? And is it possible to lay down universally valid moral principles?
Ian Birchall: Sartre’s century
International Socialism Journal nr. 107, jun 05 – side 125
Note: Jean-Paul Sartre was the dominant figure in French intellectual life for half a century and an inspiration to the new left of the 1950s and 1960s. Ian Birchall applauds his legacy on the hundredth anniversary of his birth.
Alex Callinicos: Obituary: The Infinite Search (Jacques Derrida)
Socialist Review nr. 290, nov 04 – side 20
Note: There is much to celebrate in the work of the French philosopher Jacques Derrida, says Alex Callinicos.
Nigel Harris: All praise war!
International Socialism Journal nr. 102, mar 04 – side 143
Note: Nigel Harris replies to a critical review of his 'The Return of Cosmopolitan Capital: Globalisation, the State and War', published in International Socialism 101.
Mark Thomas: Philosophy and the masses (Stathis Kouvelakis: "Philosophy and Revolution: From Kant to Marx")
International Socialism Journal nr. 99, jun 03 – side 139
Jim Wolfreys: The disposable heroes of hypocrisy
International Socialism Journal nr. 96, sep 02 – side 129
Note: Jim Wolfreys looks at recent debates in French philosophy.
Alex Callinicos: Minds, machines and evolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 74, mar 97 – side 101
Note: Alex Callinicos replies to criticisms of his account of materialism and evolution published in International Socialism 73.
John Parrington: Computers and consciousness: a reply to Alex Callinicos
International Socialism Journal nr. 73, dec 96 – side 55
Note: A debate about materialism, evolution and intelligence has been sparked by Alex Callinicos's review of Daniel Dennett's Darwin's Dangerous Idea in issue 71 of International Socialism. John Parrington and Joe Faith put forward their positions in this issue.
Joe Faith: Dennett, materialism and empiricism
International Socialism Journal nr. 73, dec 96 – side 65
Note: A debate about materialism, evolution and intelligence has been sparked by Alex Callinicos's review of Daniel Dennett's Darwin's Dangerous Idea in issue 71 of International Socialism. John Parrington and Joe Faith put forward their positions in this issue.
George Paizis: Back to the future (Alex Callinicos: "Theories and Narratives: Reflections on the Philosophy of History")
International Socialism Journal nr. 68, sep 95 – side 109
Sue Clegg: The remains of Louis Althusser
International Socialism Journal nr. 53, dec 91 – side 57
Note: Louis Althusser was one of the most influential philosophers of the post-war period. Sue Clegg examines his legacy, charting the path that led many of his followers to abandon socialism.
Alex Callinicos: Drawing the line (Fredric Jameson: "Postmodernism, or The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism")
International Socialism Journal nr. 53, dec 91 – side 93
Paul Vernell: The ideology of postmodernism
International Socialism Journal nr. 47, jun 90 – side 191
Note: Alex Callinicos: “Against Postmodernism – a marxist critique”
Postmodernism is a theory which has long stood in need of debunking. Paul Vernell reviews one such attemp – ‘Against Postmodernism’ by Alex Callinicos.
John Rees: The algebra of revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 43, jun 89 – side 173
Note: John Rees looks at the intellectual background to the French Revolution and, in particular, the work of the greatest philosopher of the revolutionary era, Hegel. The Algebra of Revolution then examines Hegel’s weaknesses and shows how Marx based his view of history on a transformed version of the dialectic which Hegel discovered.
Ann Rogers: 1789 – Culture and Revolution: Reason and reality (Hegel)
Socialist Review nr. 117, feb 89 – side 26
Note: Ann Rogers studies the impact of the revolutionary events on the works of Hegel
Richard Bradbury: What is post-structuralism?
International Socialism Journal nr. 41, dec 88 – side 147
Note: An article on the philosophical position behind much of the "farewell to the working class" school of thought – post-structuralism.
Sabby Sagall: Feedback: Erich Fromm and social character: A reply to Iain Ferguson
International Socialism Journal nr. 151, jul 16 – side 185
Note: Iain Ferguson’s article on Erich Fromm provides a welcome opportunity for readers of International Socialism to engage in a debate not only on the work of this popular but controversial writer but also on the wider issue of the relationship between Marxism and psychoanalysis. Like the other Marxist psychoanalyst, Wilhelm Reich, Fromm was attacked by the left for being a psychoanalyst, and by psychoanalysts for being a leftist.
Iain Ferguson: Between Marx and Freud: Erich Fromm revisited
International Socialism Journal nr. 149, jan 16 – side 151
Note: More than three decades after his death, the ideas of Erich Fromm are enjoying something of an intellectual renaissance. Fromm (1900-1980) was a German-Jewish psychoanalyst, writer, public intellectual and activist whose life-long concern was with developing an understanding of the relationship between capitalism and mental health, based on his attempt to integrate the ideas of Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud.
Peadar O’Grady: Stop Making Sense: Alienation and Mental Health
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 11, dec 14 – side 36
Note: In the past ten years or so there is evidence of a very welcome, growing body of criticism of current approaches to mental health from journalists, academics, healthworkers and service users, individually and as organised groups.
Tad Tietze: Review: Neoliberal psychiatry and its discontents
International Socialism Journal nr. 141, jan 14 – side 214
Note: Ethan Watters, Crazy Like Us: The Globalization of the American Psyche (Free Press, 2010), £9.99, and Gary Greenberg, Manufacturing Depression: The Secret History of a Modern Disease (Bloomsbury, 2010), £9.99
In May last year the American Psychiatric Association (APA) launched the fifth edition of its diagnostic “bible”, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The public controversy surrounding DSM-5 epitomises a major crisis of authority for US psychiatry, with psychiatric and other critics lining up to attack it. It also signals the exhaustion of the project codified in DSM-III in 1980, which laid the groundwork for a distinctly neoliberal psychiatry where pharmaceutical companies, medical elites and governments colluded in the massive expansion of an increasingly commercialised mental health industry.
Jan Hoby: Boganmeldelse: Vygotsky – psykologiens Mozart
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 238, feb 05 – side 11
Note: Hvordan lærer børn under opvæksten? Højrefløjen vil have os til at tro, at de har brug for strenge og traditionelle undervisningsmetoder, hvor test udgør kernen. I 1920’erne og 1930’erne gjorde en gruppe russiske psykologer store fremskridt, da de arbejdede under ledelsen af Lev Vygotsky, der døde i juni 1934.
Gunilla Lindqvist (red.): "Vygotsky om læring som udviklingsvilkår"
John Parrington: In perspective: Valentin Voloshinov
International Socialism Journal nr. 75, jun 97 – side 117
Note: Valentin Voloshinov, the brilliant Marxist and psychologist who worked in Russia in the years after the 1917 revolution, comes to life in John Parrington's account, the second in our new In perspective series.
Andrew Collier: Lacan, psychoanalysis and the left
International Socialism Journal nr. 7, dec 79 – side 51
Note: The history of the relations between Marxist and psychoanalytical movements has been a complex one. Movements with different – though compatible – objectives, arising in different social circles, and arousing different ideological resistances in their audiences: combinations of them could not be expected to develop immediately
Hans Erik Madsen: Skolereform og læreroverenskomst: Markedsøkonomiens tyveri af børns leg og fritid og tyranni af lærerne
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 330, jul 13 – side 14
Note: Den ny skolereform og lærernes ny overenskomst bygger på samme mål og ideologi: mere magt til ledelserne, øget målstyring ud fra test, øget arbejdsbelastning af lærere og mindre barndom, fritid og leg til eleverne – alt sammen ud fra samme rationale: at skabe en effektiv skole for erhvervsliv og markedets behov.
Jan Hoby: Uddannelse for livet: Paulo Freire’s socialistiske ideer for et andet uddannelsessystem
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 242, apr 05 – side 14

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