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Tema: Kina

Adrian Budd + Jane Hardy + Sally Kincaid: Videos: China, World Capitalism And Workers’ Resistance
International Socialism Journal nr. 146, apr 15 
Note: Videos of some of the talks at our day school on China, 28 February 2015.
Vincent Sung: The birth of a new generation under tear gas: the umbrella movement in Hong Kong
International Socialism Journal nr. 144, okt 14 
Note: The Umbrella Movement, which involves every walk of life in Hong Kong, is entirely different from Hong Kong’s previous mass protests in the past few decades. This is due to its unprecedented methods of struggle, massive disruption of public order, its peacefulness and its spontaneity. The political issue was its triggering point, but there are profound social and economical tensions underlying the movement.
Marie Jæger: Klassekamp i Kina
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 339, jun 14 – side 8
Note: Nike, Adidas, Converse og Puma får bl.a. deres sko produceret på skofabrikken Yue Yuen i Guangdong-provinsen, Kina.
Marie Jæger: Den Himmelske Freds Plads, Beijing, 5. juni 1989
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 339, jun 14 – side 9
Note: En enkelt ukendt demonstrant, kun bevæbnet med en indkøbspose i hver hånd, stiller sig i vejen for en konvoj af tungt bevæbnede kampvogne, der kommer kørende imod ham.
Simon Gilbert: Review: Can China’s trade unions be reformed?
International Socialism Journal nr. 141, jan 14 – side 218
Note: Tim Pringle, Trade Unions in China: The Challenge of Labour Unrest (Routledge, 2013), £26.99
When workers at the Nanhai Honda car plant in China’s Pearl River Delta went on strike in 2010, they first had to fight off a gang of thugs sent by their own trade union. By the time they returned to work they had won not only pay rises of up to 33 percent, but also the right to elect their own union representatives. The local union office was forced to make a rather grudging apology too.
Charlie Hore: Book review: Au Loong Yu: China’s Rise: Strength and Fragility
Socialist Review nr. 382, jul 13 – side 25
Note: China’s rise to being a major global economic power has involved a fundamental remaking of the Chinese working class. Over the past 20 years, several hundred million peasants have left their villages to become workers in the new exporting factories that have grown up in China’s coastal provinces.
Kim Ha-young: Imperialism and instability in East Asia today
International Socialism Journal nr. 138, apr 13 – side 21
Note: During the last two to three years tension and conflict have been increasing in East Asia. In 2012 this tendency was evident in the South China Sea, the East China Sea and the area round the Korean peninsula.
Sally Kincaid: Review: Cultural revelations
International Socialism Journal nr. 138, apr 13 – side 221
Note: Paul Clark, Youth Culture in China (Cambridge University Press, 2012), £18.99
Paul Clark is a professor in Modern Chinese Popular Culture at the University of Auckland, so there is no doubt this book will end up on the essential reading list for university courses in Chinese culture in the future.
Strejkerne i Kina er så udbredte at de ikke kan stoppes
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 327, mar 13 – side 13
Note: En bølge af arbejderkampe gør livet svært for magthaverne i Kina. Og ifølge den tidligere fagforeningsaktivist Han Dongfang er der nu for mange strejker og utilfredse arbejdere til at myndighederne kan undertrykke det.
Simon Gilbert: Crisis and Resistance in China
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 5, mar 13 – side 65
Note: In September last year around 2,000 workers at a Foxconn plant in Taiyuan, capital of the inland province of Shaanxi, rioted when a worker was viciously beaten by security guards. Up to 5,000 police were called in after windows were smashed and cars damaged.
Adrian Budd + Jane Hardy: China’s capitalism and the crisis
International Socialism Journal nr. 133, jan 12 – side 65
Note: Major wars and economic crises force the pace of change within and between capitalist states, giving rise to new alignments and shifts in the geopolitics of world capitalism.
Sally Kincaid: What’s past is prologue
International Socialism Journal nr. 133, jan 12 – side 214
Note: Gail Hershatter, The Gender of Memory: Rural Women and China’s Collective Past (University of California Press, 2011), £34.95
Everyone has a regret that they didn’t ask elderly relatives to tell their story before they died.
Truckers close Shanghai port
Socialist Worker nr. 2249, apr 11 – side 4
Note: Truck drivers have shut down the world’s biggest port—for five days. And their strike has forced significant concessions from bosses and the Chinese government.
Jens Andersen: Strejker breder sig i Kina
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 299, jul 10 – side 4
Note: Strejker, demonstrationer og konfrontationer med politieter blevet et mere normalt syn i Kina over de senere år. Alene fra 2008 til 2009 mere end fordobledes antallet af disse, hvilket især skyldtes protester imod fabrikslukninger.
Charlie Hore: Book Review: Class struggle in China
International Socialism Journal nr. 125, jan 10 – side 219
Note: William Hurst, The Chinese Worker After Socialism (Cambridge University Press, 2009), £55
Charlie Hore: Will this be China's century?
Socialist Review nr. 343, jan 10 – side 22
Note: China is now widely tipped to challenge the power and dominance of the US in the next few decades. In the final part of our series on China, Charlie Hore assesses the global implications of China's economic growth and the impact of workers' struggles on the regime.
Sadie Robinson: Is China to blame for climate change?
Socialist Worker nr. 2179, nov 09 – side 4
Note: Bitter rows over who is responsible for climate change lie behind much of the dithering by world leaders in the run up to the United Nations climate talks in Copenhagen next month.
Simon Gilbert: Where now for China?
Socialist Worker nr. 2161, jul 09 – side 13
Note: Riots in the Xinjiang province of north west China have shone a light on more than just the ethnic tensions running through the country, argues Simon Gilbert.
Siân Ruddick: Chinese state crackdown brings more fear
Socialist Worker nr. 2160, jul 09 – side 4
Note: Violent clashes in the Xinjiang region of China have thrown a spotlight on ethnic divisions in the country and the role of the heavily militarised Chinese state.
Siân Ruddick: Oppression behind clashes in China
Socialist Worker nr. 2159, jul 09 – side 4
Note: Protests by the Muslim Uighur minority in the west of China are an explosion of rage against their persecution
Jeong Seong-jin: Book review: Karl Marx in Beijing
International Socialism Journal nr. 123, jul 09 – side 195
Note: Giovanni Arrighi, Adam Smith in Beijing (Verso, 2007), £14.99
In South Korea the writings of Giovanni Arrighi have become popular among a section of the intellectual left who have wholeheartedly adopted his reworking of Marxism and welcomed his positive appraisal of a possible China-centred future. Jeong’s polemical attack on Arrighi’s concept of a “non-capitalist market society” should therefore also be understood in the context of South Korean left politics.
Charlie Hore: Book review: China’s place in the world
International Socialism Journal nr. 123, jul 09 – side 220
Note: Shaun Breslin, China and the Global Political Economy (Macmillan, 2009), £19.99
Jenny Clegg, China’s Global Strategy (Pluto, 2009) £19.99
Nobody knows how long or how deep the world economic recession is likely to be. For China the stakes are especially high. Will the world’s fastest economic growth rate turn into the worst decline? Or will the innate dynamism of the Chinese economy allow the country to survive relatively unscathed?
Charlie Hore: Book Review: When China rules the world (online only)
Socialist Review nr. 338, jul 09 
Note: Martin Jacques, Allen Lane; £25.00
One of the most striking features of China's rise has been its sheer speed. Thirty years ago the Chinese economy was essentially stagnant, and accounted for less than 1 percent of world trade. Since then it has grown by around 10 percent a year almost without interruption, and has become the third largest trading economy (behind the US and Germany). So it's hardly surprising that most commentators assume that this will carry on indefinitely.
Matthew Cookson: Den Himmelske Freds Plads 1989: Kinas opstand
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 289, jun 09 – side 14
Note: For tyve år siden slog Kinas diktatoriske regime ned på en landsomfattende demokratibevægelse. Matthew Cookson ser her på arven efter opstanden på Den Himmelske Freds Plads.
Charlie Hore: Kina på den økonomiske verdensscene
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 289, jun 09 – side 15
Note: Kina stod ikke bare overfor en politisk krise i 1989 – det var også en økonomisk krise. Den kinesiske økonomi voksede massivt gennem 1980‘erne, men den kom i stigende grad ud af de kinesiske lederes kontrol.
Trouble in China
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 2
Note: The dramatic fall in the US economy came as official unemployment rates in China were set to rise to 4.5 percent – the highest in a decade.
Li Qiang: Letter from ...: China
Socialist Review nr. 328, sep 08 – side 9
Note: The Beijing Olympics prompted attacks from many in the West over China's human rights record. But, argues Li Qiang, Western multinationals are central to the exploitation of Chinese workers.
Alex Callinicos: Olympian hoo-hah over China power
Socialist Worker nr. 2114, aug 08 – side 4
Note: I find the Olympics irritating at the best of times. Two weeks of corporate-sponsored flag-waving in honour of a bunch of muscle-bound dullards is not my cup of tea. But the orgy of China-bashing surrounding the Beijing Olympics is enough to make one spew.
Editorial: Olympics: Repression behind corporate festival
Socialist Worker nr. 2112, aug 08 – side 12
Note: In the final weeks before the Olympic games begin in Beijing, the Chinese state has cracked down on “undesirables” – human rights activists, migrant workers from western China and the city’s poor.
Charlie Hore: Reviews – Books: Floris-Jan van Luyn: A Floating City of Peasants
Socialist Review nr. 325, maj 08 – side 28
Note: China's economic boom is largely powered by migrant workers, peasants who have moved to the cities in the largest migration in human history. Currently there are between 120 and 150 million migrants in the cities, yet very little is known about their lives and ambitions, which makes this book particularly welcome.
Charlie Hore: China's growth pains
International Socialism Journal nr. 118, apr 08 – side 139
Note: This summer’s Olympic Games, planned to be among the most spectacular ever, will underline the extent to which China has become a major economic and political power. But 2008 may also be the year when the long-predicted recession finally hits world capitalism—and that would have a profound effect on the Chinese economy.
Simon Gilbert: The first emperor and after: analysing Imperial China
International Socialism Journal nr. 118, apr 08 – side 171
Note: Will Hutton, in his book on China, The Writing on the Wall, writes, “To understand today’s China we need to understand how and why Imperial China succeeded and failed and how it illuminates economic development in the past and present.”
Alex Callinicos: China’s complex problem for George Bush
Socialist Worker nr. 2094, mar 08 – side 4
Note: The Chinese crackdown in Tibet has raised the pitch of criticism of China’s government in the US. Calls for a boycott of the Olympics, originally in protest at China’s support for the Sudanese regime, are gaining strength.
Charlie Kimber: China’s role in Darfur does not excuse US crimes
Socialist Worker nr. 2089, feb 08 – side 4
Note: Film director Steven Spielberg has won wide praise for his decision to withdraw as artistic adviser to the 2008 Olympics in protest at China’s role in the Darfur conflict.
Michael Liu + John Chen: Resistance and the Chinese boom
Socialist Worker nr. 2082, dec 07 – side 8
Note: The contradictions at the heart of the Chinese economy are leading to both protests and repression. John Chen and Michael Liu look at the prospects for the growth of a new workers’ movement.
Alt. url: Dansk oversættelse
Tim Shepherd: The fight for labour rights in China’s cities
Socialist Worker nr. 2081, dec 07 – side 3
Note: Brutal oppression of workers underlies China’s economic boom.
Hsiao-Hung Pai: Frontlines: No child's play – workers and the deadly toys
Socialist Review nr. 320, dec 07 – side 6
Note: Just as people are getting ready for Christmas shopping, tens of millions of toys have been found to pose a health hazard – not only to children in the West, but also to those producing them in China.
Alex Callinicos: Reclaiming the ideas of Marxism in China
Socialist Worker nr. 2075, nov 07 – side 4
Note: Alex Callinicos examines how the relationship between Western Capitalism and China is leading to a rebirth of interest in Marxist ideas.
Charlie Hore: Modern China: Growth in Chinese inequality leads to rise in protest
Socialist Worker nr. 2066, sep 07 – side 6
Note: In the final part of our series Charlie Hore looks at the insecurity facing people in China today.
Charlie Hore: Modern China: Deng Xiaoping: economic ‘dynamism’ that ended in chaos
Socialist Worker nr. 2065, aug 07 – side 4
Note: In the second part of our series, Charlie Hore looks at China’s transformation in the 1980s.
Charlie Hore: Modern China: Mao Zedong and the Chinese Revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2064, aug 07 
Note: In the first part of our new series Charlie Hore looks at the impact of the Communist Party’s victory.
Charlie Hore: The Chinese revolution of 1925 to 1927 – an unnecessary tragedy
Socialist Worker nr. 2053, jun 07 – side 13
Note: Eighty years ago China saw the possibility for change in its revolution of 1925-7, but faith in nationalist 'allies' led to its defeat, writes Charlie Hore
Charlie Hore: Mao out of context
International Socialism Journal nr. 110, mar 06 – side 135
Note: A review of Jung Chang and Jon Halliday, Mao: The Untold Story (Jonathan Cape, 2005), £25.
Chang and Halliday set out their agenda from the book’s opening words: ‘Mao Zedong, who for decades held absolute power over one quarter of the world’s population, was responsible for well over 70 million deaths in peacetime, more than any other 20th century leader’ (p3).
Sue Sparks: Actually existing capitalism
International Socialism Journal nr. 110, mar 06 – side 180
Note: A review of Martin Hart-Landsberg and Paul Burkett: "China and Socialism: Market Reforms and Class Struggle" (Monthly Review Press, 2005), £13.99
Chris Harman: China’s economy and Europe’s crisis
International Socialism Journal nr. 109, dec 05 – side 69
Note: The message is repeated over and over again: ‘Europe has to change because of the rise of China and India.’ To question it, as the majority of French people did in last year’s referendum and millions of Germans in the general election, is supposed to be like saying the Earth is flat.
Simon Gilbert: China's strike wave
International Socialism Journal nr. 107, jun 05 – side 164
Note: China jumped into third place in the world export league last year. But it is also seeing a rarely reported wave of workers' struggles. Simon Gilbert describes it.
Kim Yong-wuk: China: Working like oxen, but fighting like tigers
Socialist Worker nr. 1930, dec 04 – side 4
Note: China’s economic boom is leading to increasing confidence and militancy among many groups of workers.
Charlie Hore: China's century?
International Socialism Journal nr. 103, jun 04 – side 3
Note: China's economic growth over the last two decades has shifted the global balance of power and is now the US's greatest potential challenger. Indeed, the Project for a New American Century is focused on repelling this challenge. But who is benefitting from China's growth, and at what price? Charlie Hore examines the contradictions of China's boom, and the impact on workers of a repressive regime tying itself to an increasingly vulnerable system of global capitalism.
Kristine Haugaard: Ingen ytringsfrihed til kineserne
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 226, mar 04 – side 5
Note: ... Enhver har ret til ytringsfrihed; denne ret skal omfatte frihed til at søge, modtage og meddele oplysninger og tanker af enhver art uden hensyn til landegrænser, i mundtlig, skriftlig eller trykt form, i form af kunst eller ved andre midler efter eget valg.
Sheng-wu-lien: Whither China? (1968)
Note: This document from the Sheng-wu-lien (Hunan Provincial Revolutionary Great Alliance Committee) was one of the more interesting oppositional documents to emerge out of the struggles unleashed by the Cultural Revolution in China.
With an Introduction by Tony Cliff.
Nigel Harris: The Mandate of Heaven. Marx and Mao in Modern China (1978)
Note: The original blurb for this book read as follows:
"China’s transformation from a poor country devastated by war into a major world power is a modern legend. But how did this change come about? What are the real living conditions of the peasants and workers? Why, when apparently united in their beliefs, are Russia and China enemies? And why, if Mao is right, must Marx be wrong?
Using publications from the People’s Republic and his own extensive research, Nigel Harris has written a serious critique of the history, aims and actions of the communist Party in China."
Obviously much has changed in the almost quarter century since the book was written, but it is still a valuable, even indispensible, guide to the background to current developments in China.
(The web publication is not complete.)
Charlie Hore: China: Whose Revolution? (1987)
Note: The Chinese Revolution was one of the most momentous events of the 20th century. For a quarter of the human race it seemed to open the way to eradicate the roots of poverty and famine, to build a better society.
But whose revolution was it? Few socialists today look to China for inspiration. The illusions of "Maoism" have been systematically shattered. The Cultural Revolution has been revealed as a major disaster. Today China is becoming more and more part of the world system it once seemed to want to overthrow.
Beneath the hopes of the millions and the rhetoric of their leaders, was the "socialist" nature of the Chinese state ever more than a myth? In this pamphlet Charlie Hore looks at the past and the present in order to set out what the Chinese experience has to offer for socialists.
Peter Kjær: Strejker og uro i Kina
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 183, jun 00 – side 4
Note: I den nordlige by Liaoyang strejkede tusindene af statsansatte metalarbejdere, for at få udbetalt løn, pensioner og penge til fyrede og pensionerede arbejdere.
Kina: Hårde angreb på politisk opposition
Socialistisk Revy nr. 12, feb 99 – side 13
Note: Den kinesiske regering strammer kursen overfor politiske modstandere.
Charlie Lywood: Kommentar: Deng døde alt for sent
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 153, feb 97 – side 2
Note: Slagteren fra Tiananmen Pladsen Deng Xiaopeng er død, og verdens politikere faldt straks over hinanden for at rose en af deres egne.
(Hong Kong: 6 årsdag for Tiananmen)
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 117, jul 95 – side 7
Charlie Hore: Bookwatch: China since Mao
International Socialism Journal nr. 67, jun 95 – side 171
Note: China is one area of the world which seems untouched by the revolutions which swept away the political systems of Eastern Europe. But China has been wracked by revolt, as Charlie Hore's Bookwatch shows.
Karsten Aaen: Kina 1925-49: Arbejderne tabte – Mao vandt
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 53, okt 89 – side 10
Note: Den 1. oktober 1949 proklamerede formand Mao Den Kinesiske Folkerepublik, som to årtier senere skulle blive et symbol på socialismen for store dele af venstrefløjen, såvel i Danmark som i den øvrige verden.
Charlie Hore: China: Tiananmen Square and after
International Socialism Journal nr. 44, sep 89 – side 3
Note: The brutal imposition of martial law by China’s rulers last June broke the greatest popular revolt against the regime since Mao took power in 1949. Charlie Hore, basing himself on unique eyewitness accounts, gives a gripping account of that revolt.
‘China: Tiananmen Square and after’ also explains why the Chinese regime’s attempt to turn its centralised Stalinist economy towards the market led to a crisis. The article goes on to show that the crackdown has deepened the Chinese crisis, not solved it. Some of the crucial lessons that the movement must learn if it is to avoid similar tragic defeats are also spelt out.
Jakob Nerup: Kulturrevolutionen i Kina 1966-69: En blodig magtkamp
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 51, aug 89 – side 10
Note: Genlyden af larvefødder og geværild runger stadig efter massakren på Den Himmelske Freds Plads d. 4. juni. Og samtidigt ransager masser af gamle venstreorienterede deres hukommelse om folkekommunerne og kulturrevolutionen.
Poul Erik Kristensen: Kamp på Kinas gader
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 26, jan 87 – side 7
Note: På lige fod med de franske kollegaer har de kinesiske studenter vist fanen. Over hele landet har der været kæmpedemonstrationer – størst i Shanghai og Beijing. Også i Kina har store arbejdergrupper deltaget aktivt i kampen for udvidet demokrati.
George Gorton: China's 'market socialism' – can it work, and how far can it go?
International Socialism Journal nr. 34, dec 86 – side 42
Carsten Lorenzen + Charlie Hore: Maos kulturrevolution: Kinas blodige mareridt
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 22, sep 86 – side 10
Note: Regeringsembedsmænd blev trukket gennem gaderne af ophidsede menneskemængder. Millioner af rødgardister var til demonstrationer i Peking. Bachs og Beethovens værker blev afbrændt. Mao Zedong svømmede over Yangtse-floden – på rekordtid.
Martin B. Johansen: Kina – tilbage i folden
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 4, jan 85 – side 8
Note: Sidste år fejrede Kina 35-årsdagen for Folkerepublikkens oprettelse. Og det mest slående ved jubilæumsåret har været det omfattende opgør med Mao-tiden, som de kinesiske ledere er i gang med.
George Gorton: China since the Cultural Revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 23, mar 84 – side 43
OCT (France) & SWP: China: revisionism in power?
International Socialism Journal nr. 3, dec 78 – side 100
Alt. url: 2nd part
Tony Cliff: Introduction to Whither China?
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 37, jun 69 
Note: In IS 29 (Summer 1967) I wrote in an article on the Cultural Revolution in China; “While there is without doubt a ‘Bukharinist’ wing in the Chinese Communist Party, and a Stalinist (Maoist) wing ... there is not a Trotskyist or Left-Oppositionist wing.”
Sheng-wu-lien: Whither China?
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 37, jun 69 – side 24
Note: The development of new productive forces in China today has brought in conflict the class that represents the new productive forces and the decaying class that represents the production relations which impede the progress of history.
Tony Cliff: The Chinese People’s Communes
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 1, jun 60 

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